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Luis Almagro: The only way to Nicaragua is new elections

On Monday, the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, said that the only possible way to resolve the crisis in Nicaragua is to hold new elections without exceptions, with a clear, fair and honest electoral process. transparent.

after your intervention At the extraordinary (virtual) session of the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States on Monday on the situation in NicaraguaAnd Almagro wrote on his Twitter account that “the only possible way for Nicaragua is to hold new elections with a process with guarantees, qualified electoral observation and real electoral competition in the framework of a state that respects human rights.”

Almagro asserted at the session of the Permanent Council that the general elections on November 7 in Nicaragua were “neither fair nor free”.

“On November 7, 2021, Nicaragua held elections under a process that did not meet any of the essential elements of democracy enshrined in the Inter-American Democratic Charter, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. “The elections were neither free nor fair,” he said.

The The Supreme Electoral Council allocated 75.87 percent of the voting results to Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo With one hundred percent scrutiny of the Vote Receiving Councils (JRVs), according to the latest report from electoral authorities related to the system.

The general suffrage in Nicaragua, which took place on Sunday, 7 November, was marked by low citizen participation, the exclusion of the opposition, and the suppression of all kinds of critical demonstrations against Ortega.

Ortega mocked the country and the international community

In his intervention, the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States added that despite various opportunities to strengthen the electoral process and provide guarantees for fair, free and transparent elections, “the Nicaraguan government has chosen the path of authoritarianism, and thus lying to its people, to the international community and this organization, regarding their willingness to work to build an electoral system strong.

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Almagro noted that since 2017, a road map has been drawn up that includes basic recommendations for a fair and transparent electoral process in the country. He explained that there is a project to carry out electoral reforms and contribute to strengthening the Supreme Council for Elections.

However, “none of this worked, and none of this progressed. The numerous efforts of the Secretariat, of the Working Group and the Special Committee, there was certainly not the slightest hint at the end of time (on the part of the regime) to work on issues of organizations and transparency ‘, added.

“We regret that although there are various alternatives to progress through dialogue and reforms to restore confidence in democracy and in electoral processes, the government of Nicaragua has chosen the undemocratic path,” insisted Almagro this afternoon from his social networks.

On Monday, November 29, the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) addressed, during an extraordinary three-hour session, the situation in Nicaragua, in particular by analyzing the actions of the regime of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo, in accordance with the Charter. of the Organization of American States and the Inter-American Democratic Charter in compliance with the provisions of the General Assembly of this body, in resolution of 12 November.

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During the extraordinary session, the President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), Antonia Origola, and Alberto Brunori, the Regional Representative of the Regional Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (Oknode) presented an update report on the situation in Nicaragua, before and after the disputed elections In Nicaragua, where Ortega and Murillo were chosen by the CSE, as winners.

The Extraordinary Session of the Permanent Council is part of the process of “collective assessment” of the situation in Nicaragua, which is organized by The resolution was approved by the majority of countries at the General Assembly held from November 10 to 12.

The election specialist makes recommendations

Daniel Zovato, International IDEA Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, who participated in the session as a guest, listed a series of recommendations.

1- You have to act with firmness and insistence that the lawsuit is worthy. “We must always keep the door for dialogue open, we agree, but we must accompany a real dialogue offer with the increase of constant and strong international pressure on the Daniel Ortega regime.”

He also recommended that the cost of staying in power illegitimately be increased, and in this sense it is very important to start linking political sanctions with individual and economic sanctions to reduce the economic margin of the dictatorship, which increases the economic consequences of political policy. In this sense, we particularly recommend asking the voluntary organizations, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and especially the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) to suspend all credit payments. which take place and do not agree to new credits until the regime succumbs to its tyrannical deviation.”

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2- Deepening the international isolation of the dictatorship, ignoring the results of the illegal November 7 elections, and calling for new elections with full guarantees.

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3- Demanding the immediate release of more than 150 political prisoners, including seven presidential candidates.

4. Demand the full restoration of the constitutional order, the full legality of human rights, and the restoration of the rule of law.

5- All procedures provided for in Article 20 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, with a view to arriving at a peaceful and democratic negotiated solution through the electoral process in a reasonable short period of time, must be exhausted with respect to it. A road map agreed between the two parties is in good standing.

“If this initiative is not successful, we propose to convene a special session of the General Assembly to approve the suspension by the State of Nicaragua of its right to participate in the OAS in accordance with Article 24 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” added the IDEA International Director.

At the same time, he insisted, “Given the gravity of this crisis, it cannot be inferred how the argument for non-interference in internal affairs is being systematically made,” as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (the Inter-American Court) said, The effective practice of democracy in American states constitutes an international legal obligation and they have sovereignly agreed that this practice is no longer just a matter of local, internal, or exclusive jurisdiction.“I quote Zovato.

“Just as it is not possible to allow the Ortega regime to consolidate its dictatorship with complete impunity, this crisis is not between left and right as some think, this crisis is a choice between dictatorship or democracy. Therefore, there is much at stake in Nicaragua, to not stop the authoritarian drift For Ortega, in addition to the serious consequences that this could have for the people of Nicaragua who are already suffering and for the region, particularly Central America, which is going through a phase, the expert concluded that a very delicate situation would create a dangerous record of impunity for our entire continent at a time when Our democracies are at a very critical moment.”

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