The Cuban government demanded, on Tuesday, the closure of the detention center at the US naval base in Guantanamo, a “terrible prison” established exactly 20 years ago, and which it considers to be residing in an “occupied” territory.
Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel confirmed on Twitter: “There are already 20 years of egregious violations in the illegally occupied Cuban territory of Guantanamo Bay by the world’s biggest human rights abusers.”
For his part, Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez noted in his profile that they are already “20 years of shame” and recalled that at one time 780 prisoners passed through the US base “arbitrarily detained, without due process or trial.” It also denounced the “torture and degrading treatment” of these prisoners.
Cuba ceded control of Guantanamo Bay to the United States at the beginning of the 19th century, as part of a reconfiguration of the island’s sovereignty after the end of the Spanish colonial period that initially involved paying $2,000 annually in coins. of gold. A treaty signed in 1934 confirmed this lease, which has been updated to $4,085.
The United States cut diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961 and three years later Fidel Castro’s government cut off water supplies and access to the base. Since then, the facilities have become self-sufficient, with their own sources of power and water, the US Navy states on its website.
The contract is considered as a premise for the termination of the previous agreement between the governments of the two countries or the renunciation of property by the United States.